An analysis of the process of turning a bill into a law

During that time, as many as 20, bills might be introduced, but only 5 percent to 10 percent of them are actually signed into law. While some may pass through Congress rather quickly, others lead to lengthy hearings in the subcommittees or committees and protracted debates on the floor of the House and Senate. Few legislative proposals emerge from the process exactly as they were first written.

An analysis of the process of turning a bill into a law

This Topic Page concerns Laws - or, more specifically, how a bill becomes a law.

Support for good legislative design

The general process is described in the Constitution in Article 1, Section 7. This page is a concise overview of the entire process and though it does go into some detail, there are many it leaves out. The general process for making a bill into a law is described in the Constitution.

As with many things, however, the Constitution leaves most of the details to the people of the day, dictating just the overall picture. Before we delve into those details, however, a look at the general process is useful. First, a bill must pass both houses of Congress by a majority vote.

After it has passed out of Congress, it is sent along to the President.

How a Bill Becomes Law

If the President signs the bill, it becomes law. The President might not sign the bill, however. If he specifically rejects the bill, called a veto, the bill returns to Congress.

This is called "overriding a veto," and is difficult to do because of the two-thirds majority requirement. Alternately, the President can sit on the bill, taking no action on it at all. However, if the Congress has adjourned before the ten days passes and without a Presidential signature, the bill fails.

This is known as a pocket veto. The process laid out in the Constitution is relatively complicated when it comes to vetoes, but pretty simple when it comes to approving a bill.

But in reality, there is a lot more to law making than these steps spelled out in a clause of the Constitution. Submitting a Bill Bills originate from several different sources, but primarily from individual members of Congress. In addition, bills might be brought to a member by a constituent or by a group of constituents; a bill can be submitted to a member of Congress by one or more state legislatures; or the President or his administration might suggest a bill.

However it is brought to the attention of a member, it must be submitted for consideration by the member. In the House, Representatives need merely drop a copy of a bill into a bin specifically placed to receive new bills. Bills can be introduced in either house, though as noted above, a bill must eventually pass both houses to become law.

The exception to this is that bills for raising revenue must originate in the House, and never in the Senate. Committees Both houses of Congress, the House and the Senate, are divided into large groups called Committees, with most committees divided yet again into Subcommittees.

Subcommittees are even more specialized, with one on, for example, Military Nuclear Weapons, and another on Military Pay.

An analysis of the process of turning a bill into a law

Bills typically concern a specific topic, like raising the pay of soldiers. There is a Subcommittee on Pay, Promotion, and Retirement that would consider the pay bill. Once a bill is introduced, it is assigned to a committee. A bill is scheduled to have hearings, at which time witnesses may be called to testify as to why a bill is needed, and sub-committee members ask questions of the witnesses to determine the need or validity of the bill.

Once the hearings are held, the members of the subcommittee will then vote on the bill to see if it should proceed further, on to the full committee.Jan 09,  · What are 14 steps to have a bill turn into a law?

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Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D., Calif.) and Rep. Pete Sessions (R., Texas) explain the long, complex process of turning a bill into federal law in discussions with high school students. Topics include the committee structure, types of bills, hearings, debate, lobbying and filibusters.

A bill is the proposal to publish a new law or regulation presented to the Legislature. Thousands of new ideas for the laws enter the legislative process in the United States.

In different countries, the bill becomes a law in different ways.

An analysis of the process of turning a bill into a law

Overview of how a bill becomes a law Stage 1 of the process of turning a bill into law - Introduction Stage 1 of the process of turning a bill into law - Introduction - How many bills are introduced - task Stage 2 of the process of turning a bill into law - Committee Pork barreling and a brief synoptic link with the UK Stage 3 of the process of.

The general process for making a bill into a law is described in the Constitution. As with many things, however, the Constitution leaves most of the details to the .

Constitutional Topic: How a Bill Becomes a Law - The U.S. Constitution Online - leslutinsduphoenix.com