Recognizing that their relations in the field of trade and economic endeavour should be conducted with a view to raising standards of living, ensuring full employment and a large and steadily growing volume of real income and effective demand, developing the full use of the resources of the world and expanding the production and exchange of goods, Being desirous of contributing to these objectives by entering into reciprocal and mutually advantageous arrangements directed to the substantial reduction of tariffs and other barriers to trade and to the elimination of discriminatory treatment in international commerce, Have through their Representatives agreed as follows: General Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment 1. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall not require the elimination of any preferences in respect of import duties or charges which do not exceed the levels provided for in paragraph 4 of this Article and which fall within the following descriptions: The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not apply to preferences between the countries formerly a part of the Ottoman Empire and detached from it on July 24,provided such preferences are approved under paragraph 5 1of Article XXV which shall be applied in this respect in the light of paragraph 1 of Article XXIX.
GATT remained one of the focal features of international trade agreements until it was replaced by the creation of the World Trade Organization on January 1, The aim behind GATT was to form rules to end or restrict the most costly and undesirable features of the pre-war protectionist period, namely quantitative trade barriers such as trade controls and quotas.
The agreement also provided a system to arbitrate commercial disputes between nations, and the framework enabled a number of multilateral negotiations for the reduction of tariff barriers.
GATT was regarded as a significant success in the post-war years.
Every signatory member of GATT was to be treated as equal to any other. This is known as the most-favored nation principle and it has been carried through into the WTO.
A practical outcome of this was that once a country had negotiated a tariff cut with some other countries usually its most important trading partnersthis same cut would automatically apply to all GATT signatories. Escape clauses did exist, whereby countries could negotiate exceptions if their domestic producers would be particularly harmed by tariff cuts.
Most nations adopted the most-favored nation principle in setting tariffs, which largely replaced quotas. Tariffs preferable to quotas but still a trade barrier were in turn cut steadily in rounds of successive negotiations.1 agreement on free trade and economic partnership between japan and the swiss confederation.
LEGAL TEXTS: GATT The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT ) (Article I — XVII) This Appendix contains the complete text of the General Agreement together with all the amendments which became effective since its entry into force. Il General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (dall'inglese: Accordo Generale sulle Tariffe e il Commercio), meglio conosciuto come GATT, è un accordo internazionale, firmato il 30 ottobre a Ginevra, in Svizzera, da 23 paesi, per stabilire le basi per un sistema multilaterale di relazioni commerciali con lo scopo di favorire la liberalizzazione del .
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or leslutinsduphoenix.coming to its preamble, its purpose was the "substantial reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers and the elimination of .
PREFACE The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade came into force on 1 January This booklet contains the complete text of the General Agreement together . Mar 26, · WASHINGTON — President Trump is on the verge of securing his first major trade deal, leveraging the threat of tariffs to gain concessions from South Korea on exports of steel and imports of.