Comments Part of Reinventing Parliament, a series examining how to make Parliament relevant again. With thanks to www.
Party Discipline in the U. House of Representatives Kathryn Pearson A breakthrough study that looks at the disciplinary measures which party leaders employ to command loyalty from members Description Legislative Politics and Policy Making Political party leaders in the U. House of Representatives command greater loyalty than ever from fellow party members in roll call votes, campaign contributions, and partisan speeches.
In return, leaders reward compliant members with opportunities to promote constituent interests and to advance their own political careers. Kathryn Pearson examines the disciplinary measures that party leaders in the U.
House of Representatives employ to exact such loyalty, as well as the consequences for a democratic legislature. Drawing upon data from —, Pearson identifies the conditions under which party leaders opt to prioritize policy control and those which induce them to prioritize majority control.
In her conclusion, Pearson discusses the consequences of party discipline such as legislative gridlock, stalled bills, and proposals banned from the agenda.
Although party discipline is likely to remain strong as citizens become more cognizant of enforced party loyalty, their increasing dissatisfaction with Congress may spur change. In doing so, it will become a mainstay in the study of party leadership and party cohesion in the Congress, particularly for students of the House.
It is a breakthrough book for the field.A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature. Whips are the party's "enforcers"; they invite their fellow legislators to attend voting sessions and to vote according to the official party policy.
A lthough the Republic's Founders dreaded the divisiveness of "faction," political parties have proved essential to the promise of American democracy. Parties bridge the structural bias against government activism in the constitutional separation of powers and allow ordinary citizens who lack economic influence to aggregate political power.
Political party leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives command greater loyalty than ever from fellow party members in roll call votes, campaign contributions, and partisan speeches. Political party leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives command greater loyalty than ever from fellow party members in roll call votes, campaign contributions, and partisan speeches.
Why does Magleby Brief argue that political parties are unable to properly enforce party discipline? Political parties have no control over the nomination process and candidates are nominated largely based on qualifications and personal appeal rather than party loyalty.
Looking at the last ten years, discipline in voting by party in the U.S. has rarely fallen below 85 percent- only when the Democrats were at their weakest position in