The Zoroastrian name of the religion is Mazdayasna, which combines Mazda- with the Avestan language word yasnameaning "worship, devotion". In Englishan adherent of the faith is commonly called a Zoroastrian or a Zarathustrian. In Zoroastrian liturgy the term is used as a title for an individual who has been formally inducted into the religion in a Navjote ceremony.
Buddhism Hinduism No "value judgement" is implied by this list. There are adjectives with both positive and negative connotations which describe both ends of this spectrum. From an academic, comparative religions viewpoint, there is no basis for "prescribing" whether it is better for a religion to be highly unified, cohesive, monolithic, and lacking in internal religious diversity, or whether it is better to be fragmented, schismatic, diverse, multifaceted and abounding in variations on the same theme.
In a practical sense, most people actually practice only one form of whatever religion they belong to. Buddhism, for example, if viewed as a whole, can be understood to have a large amount of internal variation, including the Theravada and Mahayana branches, all of their sub-schools, various revivalist sects, as well as Tibetan and modern Western forms.
But most actual Buddhists are not actually involved in all of these; rather they practice one, internally cohesive, fairly unified form, such as the Geluk order of Tibetan Buddhism, or Japanese Amida-Buddha worship. How is classification done for official government figures?
It is important to note that data for the size of various religions within a given country often come from government census figures or official estimates. Such governmental endeavors are interested primarily in physical population demographics, such as how many people live in a household and how many telephones there are per person.
These studies are not theological treatises. They merely classify Hindus as all people who call themselves Hindu, Muslims as all people who call themselves Muslim, Christians as all people who call themselves Christian.
From a sociological and historical perspective, most religions have arisen from within existing religious frameworks: For the purposes of defining a religion we need to have some cutoff point. Should Sikhism be listed as a Hindu sect as in many older textbooksor a world religion in its own right?
To manage this question we have chosen once again to use the most commonly-recognized divisions in comparative religion texts. These definitions are primarily sociological and historical, NOT doctrinal or theological in nature.
We recognize that within many religious traditions there are deeply felt arguments for excluding certain groups from their description of their religion. For example, councils of Muslim leaders have voted to no longer accept Ahmadis as valid Muslims, although Ahmadis consider themselves orthodox Muslims.
Many Evangelical Protestants churches exclude all non-Evangelical or non-Protestant groups from their definitions of Christianity. On the other hand, some Hindu writers are so inclusive that they claim as Hindus adherents of any religion that arose in a Hindu environment, including Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs.
These definitions are theological in nature and of little use in this statistical context. Groups such as Rastafarians, Mandeans, Tenrikyo, and the Church of Scientology are too small, too new or too unimportant in world history to be included in most surveys of "major world religions.
Where classification is unclear, we've used two criteria: Does the faith group consider itself to be part of or the definitive version of a larger religion?
Does the larger religion consider the faith group to be part of its tradition? If the answer to both of these questions is no, then the faith group is probably a distinct religion. If the answer to both questions is yes, the faith group is a division within the larger religion and thus not a world religion, but a division of a world religion.
If the answer to only one of the questions is yes, there is a judgment call to be made, but of course we give more weight to a group's self-concept.
For example, Tenrikyo arose in the s in Japan in a Shinto context.
The founder explained that her new revelations came from various Shinto kami gods. Thus, Tenrikyo was classified by the Japanese ministry of religion as a Shinto sect for about one hundred years.
Then the leaders of Tenrikyo asked that the faith no longer be classified as a Shinto faith. Outsiders would agree that Tenrikyo has emerged as something identifiably distinct from traditional Shinto religion, although many world religion writers include Tenrikyo in chapters on Shinto or Japanese religion for simplicity's sake.
These books can only have a limited number of chapters. Based on these facts and because we have no limit on the number of religions we can include on this listwe include Tenrikyo as a distinct religion.
Even fairly contemporary and progressive writers have a "youth cut-off" requirement for their listings of major world religions.Zoroastrianism. The ancient pre-Islamic religion of Persia that survives there in isolated areas, and more prosperously in India, where the descendants of Zoroastrian Persian immigrants are known as Parsis, or Parsees.
In India the religion is called Parsiism.
Zoroastrianism is arguably the world’s oldest monotheistic religion. It is centered on the words of the prophet Zoroaster and focuses worship upon Ahura Mazda, the Lord of Wisdom.
It also acknowledges two competing principles representing good and evil: Spenta Mainyu (“Bounteous Spirit”) and. Thus Zoroastrianism is a highly ethical religion in which the choice of good over evil has cosmic importance. Zarathustra taught that humans are free to choose between right and wrong, truth and lie, and light and dark, and that .
Mithras was a god known in the polytheistic religion that existed in Persia before the spread of Zoroastrianism. Zoroaster, however, incorporated Mithras as a lesser god or possibly an angel. Zoroastrianism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra, in Avestan).
It was probably founded some time before the . In India the religion is called Parsiism. As with all false religions, Zoroastrianism is incompatible with Christianity. For one thing, the claim that Zoroastrianism is perhaps the oldest monotheistic religion and that it had an influence on Judaism, Christianity, or Islam is simply not true.